What is thyroid
The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck, just below the voice box (larynx). The thyroid’s job is to make thyroid hormones, which are secreted into the blood and then carried to every tissue in the body. Thyroid hormones help the body use energy, stay warm and keep the brain, heart, muscles, and other organs working as they should.
The thyroid gland needs iodine to make thyroid hormone. iodine is found naturally in some foods, such as seafood, seaweed, eggs and dairy products. iodine is also added to some salt and to bread in some areas of the world. People who do not have enough iodine in their diet may develop an iodine deficiency, which can lead to an enlarged thyroid gland (goiter) and/or hypothyroidism.
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone. Symptoms of hypothyroidism can include fatigue, weight gain, constipation, dry skin, and feeling cold. Hypothyroidism can also lead to an enlarged thyroid gland (goiter).
Thyroid cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the thyroid gland. Symptoms of thyroid cancer can include a lump in the neck, hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, and shortness of breath.
How many people suffer thyroid problem
According to the American Cancer Society, about 56,870 people will be diagnosed with thyroid cancer in the United States in 2020. It is estimated that about 2,170 of these cases will be fatal.
There are several types of thyroid cancer, the most common of which is papillary thyroid cancer. This form of thyroid cancer is often diagnosed at an early stage, when it is still localized to the thyroid gland. The prognosis for papillary thyroid cancer is generally very good, with a 10-year survival rate of more than 95%.
If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with thyroid cancer, it is important to seek treatment from a qualified medical professional. With early diagnosis and treatment, most people with thyroid cancer can expect to live long and healthy lives.
What is the symptoms of thyroid
The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of your neck. This gland produces thyroid hormones, which help regulate your metabolism.
If you have symptoms of thyroid cancer, be sure to see your doctor for a diagnosis. With treatment, most people with thyroid cancer can expect to live long, healthy lives.
The most common symptoms of thyroid cancer include:
A lump or swelling in the neck
A hoarse voice
Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck
Other, less common symptoms may include:
What is the reason of thyroid
The most common reason for an enlarged thyroid is benign thyroid enlargement, which is not cancerous and not usually harmful. However, in some cases, an enlarged thyroid can be a sign of thyroid cancer.
Other causes of an enlarged thyroid include:
Hashimoto’s disease: This is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system attacks the thyroid gland, causing inflammation and eventually resulting in an enlarged thyroid.
Grave’s disease: This is an autoimmune disorder that causes the thyroid to overproduce thyroid hormone.
Toxic adenoma: This is a benign (non-cancerous) tumor of the thyroid that secretes too much thyroid hormone.
Pituitary Disorders: Disorders of the pituitary gland can cause the gland to produce too much thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), which then stimulates the thyroid to produce too much thyroid hormone.
Thyroiditis: This is inflammation of the thyroid gland, which can be caused by an infection, autoimmune disease, or other injury to the thyroid.
If you have an enlarged thyroid, your doctor will likely order blood tests to check your thyroid hormone levels. They may also order an ultrasound of the thyroid gland to look for masses or tumors. In some cases, a biopsy of the thyroid may be necessary to determine if the enlargement is due to cancer.
Treatment for an enlarged thyroid will depend on the underlying cause. If the enlargement is due to an autoimmune disorder, your doctor may prescribe thyroid hormone replacement therapy or immunosuppressive drugs. If the enlargement is due to a tumor, surgery may be necessary to remove the tumor.
How to treatment thyroid problem
The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck, just below the Adam’s apple. The thyroid gland produces two main hormones, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which help regulate the body’s metabolism.
A problem with the thyroid gland can result in a variety of symptoms, including weight gain or loss, fatigue, hair loss, irregular menstrual periods, and changes in heart rate.
There are a number of different treatment options available for thyroid problems, depending on the cause and severity of the condition.
In many cases, a simple change in diet and lifestyle is all that is needed to keep the thyroid gland functioning properly.
For more serious cases, medication may be necessary to correct the imbalance of hormones produced by the thyroid gland.
Surgery is sometimes needed to remove part or all of the thyroid gland.
radiation therapy may be used to destroy the abnormal cells in the thyroid gland
Final word about thyroid problem
hormone therapy may be used to replace the hormones that are not being produced by the thyroid gland.
The most common problem with the thyroid gland is an overproduction of thyroid hormone, which is called hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism can cause a variety of symptoms, including weight loss, anxiety, and heart palpitations.
The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Graves’ disease, which is an autoimmune disorder. In Graves’ disease, the body’s immune system attacks the thyroid gland, causing it to overproduce thyroid hormone.
Treatment for hyperthyroidism usually involves taking medications to block the production of thyroid hormone or to destroy the thyroid gland. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove part or all of the thyroid gland.
The most common cause of hypothyroidism isHashimoto’s disease, which is an autoimmune disorder. In Hashimoto’s disease, the body’s immune system attacks the thyroid gland, causing it to underproduce thyroid hormone.
Treatment for hypothyroidism usually involves taking medications to replace the hormones that are not being produced by the thyroid gland.
Thyroid cancer is a rare type of cancer that begins in the thyroid gland. Thyroid cancer is most often found in people who are over the age of 60. The most common symptom of thyroid cancer is a lump or mass in the neck. Other symptoms may include hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, or shortness of breath.
Treatment for thyroid cancer may involve surgery, radiation therapy, or hormone therapy.